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Proper nutrition for elementary students

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1 Proper nutrition for elementary students on Sat Apr 28, 2012 4:51 pm

Nutrition is one of the issues most important to life! This is what everyone knows, feels familiar and obvious that ... almost no attention to its role in life.


This may be acceptable in previous difficult times, when the nutritional needs of people packed in the standard only to have enough food necessary for sustaining life and work. But as we increasingly have more conditions, eating becomes a pleasure rather than equipment needs, the minimum knowledge on nutrition to choose for themselves and their families a diet taking reasonable to ensure health is becoming increasingly necessary.


Children of primary school age are especially subject to those working in nutrition. This is the age when both body and mind of the child began to move through an important new phase for the development of physical and mental.


Physically, this is the stage where the brain is complete, children can learn a lot of demand for energy should give up their studies. The weight and height are no longer growing rapidly as a way in the early years but this is the stage where the child accumulated the necessary nutrients to prepare for rapid growth phase second life - puberty - should the supply of nutrients for infants should be carefully noted.


Psychologically, this stage children begin to become familiar with social life in many different forms (learning, view books, TV ...) as well as family and is often seen as a social other eye - as children have grown older, the child requires more independent. Age at primary school children also often have more time I should have psychologically important change, generate awareness and action may affect important nutritional behavior.


In general the social situation at present, the market economy has a strong influence to the social divide, forming two nutritional attitudes are contradictory and equally dangerous: besides malnutrition status still account for a significant proportion despite much improved compared to previous times have seen the emergence and development are increasingly surplus nutrition leads to obesity. We can say "proper nutrition is a safe corridor between the narrow edge of deprivation and excess."


Prevention of malnutrition
Energy needs for children at this stage ranged 1600Kcal/ngay to 2000Kcal/ngay with age. This demand can be provided through about 5 meals, including three meals are breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks at 2 more late afternoon and evening before going to bed about 1 hour. Components of children's meals as varied as possible, if so collaboration between families and schools to be able to change the food every day to create the appetite and delight for children to eat.


Some notes in nutrition for malnourished children:
- Most of the malnourished children are very poor feeding. Anorexia is a disease that largely due to psychological causes, diagnosis and treatment often requires long-term and close cooperation between home, school and the treating doctor. This stage the child was able to recognize the role of diet on the body, it is best to explain to young to understand, stimulate self-awareness and behavior of children and encourage children to eat instead of pressing force and intimidation. Parents should make the "calendar" to eat at certain hours of the day, but gentle with children but be firm ntranh indulge in habits or children's meals taste just like books, both eating while playing computer games, eating late regulations, skipping meals, replace meals with side dishes ... If the child should participate in meal preparation, menu choices and appreciate the efforts of young sometimes form whether or not the results are as expected of adults.


- Avoid snacking, eating or drinking sweets between meals. Necessary to distinguish between snacks does not mean junk food; components snacks can hugely diverse but should avoid foods or drinks with empty calories (sugar, candy, soft drinks .. .).


- Children's meals to meet the basic food groups: starch, protein (both animal and vegetable), fat (vegetable oil, sesame, peanuts ...) and other vegetables, fruits provide vitamin and minerals.


- Milk is a very good food additives for children of all ages as easy to use, high nutritional value. As recommended by everyone regardless of child or adult should use about 500ml of milk per day. But keep in mind when went to elementary school age, the milk can not be the main food instead of basic foods mentioned here, absolutely not recommended to replace a meal of milk in the child's day.


- At this age children vulnerable to diseases that can affect eating, such as respiratory infections, bronchitis, diarrhea ... should note keeping to prevent the disease. If the child was ill, they must always remember that nutritional status will deteriorate with time proportional to the disease. When children get sick, need to take the child to the doctor visit and notice to comply with the treatment, examination should not arbitrarily remove, add or remove drugs or anxious switch for multiple treatments may be as prolonged illness.


When young patients, often the digestive system so children work less appetite than usual. You go out like that and do not panic forced child to eat sufficient amounts of food every day in every way. Meals should be divided into several small meals that can feed liquid lighter as porridge, soup, milk. Also avoid a completely opposite attitude is more than abstinence, not for children to eat enough in the disease, making the baby's nutritional status deteriorated rapidly and the disease can last longer. After each episode, so pay attention extra snacks for children to compensate for energy lost in the disease process.
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